Anal Warts (Condyloma)
Although they are usually without other physical symptoms, an outbreak of genital warts may cause psychological Anal or genital warts may be transmitted during. Symptoms of anal warts Due to asymptomatic nature of the anal warts, often their development is ignored. These warts do not cause any pain or related uneasiness. Although anal warts often go unnoticed, some patients will experience some outward symptoms. Itching. Bleeding. Mucus discharge. Feeling of a lump or mass in the anal .
Female Condom - Animation Animation on how to use Female condom and its advantages. In addition to the questions that you've prepared to ask your doctor, don't hesitate to ask questions during your appointment at any time if you don't understand something. Close follow-up is critical because the virus may continue to be present and cause new anal warts to form. Using over-the-counter medications for this purpose can cause even more pain and irritation. Notify me when reply is posted I agree to the terms and conditions.
Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
Genital warts are one of the most common types of sexually transmitted infections. Nearly all sexually active people will become infected with at least one type of human papillomavirus HPV , the virus that causes genital warts, at some point during their lives.
Women are somewhat more likely than men to develop genital warts. As the name suggests, genital warts affect the moist tissues of the genital area. Genital warts may look like small, flesh-colored bumps or have a cauliflower-like appearance. In many cases, the warts are too small to be visible. Like warts that appear elsewhere on your body, genital warts are caused by the human papillomavirus HPV. Some strains of genital HPV can cause genital warts, while others can cause cancer.
Vaccines can help protect against certain strains of genital HPV. In women, genital warts can grow on the vulva, the walls of the vagina, the area between the external genitals and the anus, the anal canal, and the cervix.
In men, they may occur on the tip or shaft of the penis, the scrotum, or the anus. Genital warts can also develop in the mouth or throat of a person who has had oral sexual contact with an infected person. Genital warts may be so small and flat that they can't be seen with the naked eye. Sometimes, however, genital warts may multiply into large clusters.
Genital warts are a common sexually transmitted infection. They can appear on the genitals, in the pubic area or in the anal canal. In women, genital warts can also grow inside the vagina. The human papillomavirus HPV causes warts. There are more than 40 different strains of HPV that specifically affect the genital area.
Genital HPV is spread through sexual contact. In most cases, your immune system kills genital HPV and you never develop signs or symptoms of the infection. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that nearly all sexually active people will become infected with at least one type of HPV at some point during their lives.
Factors that can increase your risk of becoming infected include:. Genital warts may cause problems during pregnancy. Warts could enlarge, making it difficult to urinate. Warts on the vaginal wall may reduce the ability of vaginal tissues to stretch during childbirth.
Large warts on the vulva or in the vagina can bleed when stretched during delivery. Rarely, a baby born to a mother with genital warts may develop warts in his or her throat. The baby may need surgery to make sure his or her airway isn't blocked. Because it's often difficult to detect genital warts, your doctor may apply a mild acetic acid solution to your genitals to whiten any warts. Then, he or she may view them through a special magnifying instrument, a colposcope. For women, it's important to have regular pelvic exams and Pap tests, which can help detect vaginal and cervical changes caused by genital warts or the early signs of cervical cancer — a possible complication of genital HPV infection.
During a Pap test, your doctor will use a device called a speculum to hold open your vagina. He or she will then use a long-handled tool to collect a small sample of cells from your cervix — the passage between your vagina and your uterus.
The cells are examined with a microscope for abnormalities. Only a few types of genital HPV have been linked to cervical cancer. A sample of cervical cells, taken during a Pap test, can be tested for these cancer-causing HPV strains. This test is generally reserved for women ages 30 and older. It isn't as useful for younger women because their immune systems usually can kill even cancer-causing varieties of genital HPV without treatment.
In a Pap test, your doctor uses a vaginal speculum to hold your vaginal walls apart. Next, a sample of cells from your cervix is collected using a small cone-shaped brush and a tiny wooden spatula 1 and 2. Your doctor then rinses the brush and spatula in a liquid-filled vial 3 and sends the vial to a laboratory for testing. If your warts aren't causing discomfort, you may not need treatment.
But if your symptoms include itching, burning and pain, or if visible warts are causing emotional distress, your doctor can help you clear an outbreak with medications or surgery. However, the lesions are likely to come back after treatment. There is no treatment for the virus itself. This cream appears to boost your immune system's ability to fight genital warts.
Avoid sexual contact while the cream is on your skin. It may weaken condoms and diaphragms and may irritate your partner's skin. One possible side effect is redness of the skin. Other side effects may include blisters, body aches or pain, cough, rashes, and fatigue. Podophyllin and podofilox Condylox. Podophyllin is a plant-based resin that destroys genital wart tissue.
Your doctor must apply this solution. Podofilox contains the same active compound, but can be safely applied by you at home. Your doctor may want to administer the first application of podofilox, and will recommend precautionary steps to prevent the medication from irritating surrounding skin. Never apply podofilox internally. Additionally, this medication isn't recommended for use during pregnancy.
Side effects can include mild skin irritation, sores or pain. Don't try to treat genital warts with over-the-counter wart removers. These medications aren't intended for use in the moist tissues of the genital area. Using over-the-counter medications for this purpose can cause even more pain and irritation. You may need surgery to remove larger warts, warts that don't respond to medications or — if you're pregnant — warts that your baby may be exposed to during delivery. You'll probably first bring your signs and symptoms to the attention of your family doctor.
If you are a woman, you may wish to schedule your initial appointment with your gynecologist. Writing down a list of questions before your appointment can help you make the most of your time with your doctor.
For genital warts, some basic questions to ask your doctor include:. In addition to the questions that you've prepared to ask your doctor, don't hesitate to ask questions during your appointment at any time if you don't understand something. Your doctor is likely to ask you a number of questions.
Being ready to answer them may reserve time to go over any points you want to talk about in-depth. Your doctor may ask:. Using a condom every time you have sex can significantly reduce your risk of contracting genital warts. Although condom use can reduce your risk, it is not percent effective. You can still get genital warts. A vaccine known as Gardasil protects against four strains of HPV that cause cancer, and is used to prevent genital warts.
In , the U. If not fully vaccinated at that age, it's recommended that girls and women through age 26 and boys and men through age 21 receive the vaccine. However, men may receive the HPV vaccine through age 26 if desired. These vaccines are most effective if given to children before they become sexually active. Research has shown that people under 21 and age 21 to 30 who receive the HPV vaccine can reduce their risk of getting genital warts by up to 50 percent.
Side effects from the vaccines are usually mild and include soreness at the injection site the upper arm , headaches, low-grade fever or flu-like symptoms.
Sometimes dizziness or fainting occurs after the injection, especially in adolescents. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. Available for Android and iOS devices. Subscribe to receive email notifications whenever new articles are published.
This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. To view content sources and attributions, please refer to our editorial policy. We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information - verify here. Female genital warts Genital warts are a common sexually transmitted infection.
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